A Simple Guide To Vaginal Cysts

Let’s face it, nobody likes talking about Vaginal Cysts! But in our ongoing mission to help keep your vagina happy and healthy, this is another important topic to cover so you can recognise the signs and feel empowered to take charge of your own vaginal health. Let’s dig in and find out all there is to know about Vaginal Cysts. Fun!

So… what are they?

Cysts can develop anywhere on the body. They’re basically lumps filled with either air, fluid, pus or other substances, and they vary in size - some are teeny tiny, and others (very rarely) grow to the size of an orange. They are not usually harmful or painful, though when they develop in awkward areas of the body they can be very uncomfortable, which brings us to… Vaginal Cysts.

These troublesome little scoundrels can show up on or under the vaginal lining, and are categorised into several types, the most common being:

Vaginal Inclusion Cysts - caused by an injury to the vaginal wall, sometimes appearing after childbirth or surgery

Gartner’s Duct Cysts - this duct is described as a “remnant organ” found in the pelvis after fetal development, and can occasionally fill with fluid and turn into a cyst

Bartholin’s Cyst - found on the labia near the vaginal opening, the Bartholin’s gland can become overgrown by a flap of skin, causing fluid to back up and form a cyst

Müllerian Cysts - another potential postnatal cyst, although this one can develop on the vaginal walls from material left behind after a baby develops

Are they dangerous?

Cysts aren’t usually dangerous, however it’s always best to get anything abnormal checked out to make sure it’s not a benign tumour or something else. If your cysts are particularly painful or uncomfortable, speak to your GP so they can prescribe the appropriate treatment.

What causes them?

There are a number of causes of Vaginal Cysts, such as the aforementioned injury to the vaginal wall, skin tears during childbirth (like an episiotomy), a surgical procedure, a buildup of fluid in a gland, and more. They can develop at any age, but Bartholin’s Cysts are typically found in women in their 20s and 30s.

What are the symptoms?

Vaginal Cysts are usually relatively painless and don’t cause any other symptoms, however you may experience discomfort during sex or when inserting a tampon, though some women feel no pain or discomfort at all - you may not even know it’s there!

However, cysts can grow in size which eventually leads to pain, irritation, itching, and increased risk of infection, so it is important to keep an eye on symptoms. Vaginal Cysts can become infected due to other bacteria or even STIs aggravating them.

In extreme cases, they can lead to an abscess forming, which will need to be drained in order to heal.

When should you see a doctor?

You shouldn’t be suffering needlessly due to a Vaginal Cyst, as the treatment is often very simple. If you are experiencing any pain or discomfort, or you notice a lump or bulging that remains after 2 or 3 days, see your GP so they can check it over. You should also promptly call a doctor if you are over the age of 40 and notice a lump. Though lumps are common, it’s best to check they are not a sign of something more serious.

How are Vaginal Cysts diagnosed?

Oftentimes Vaginal Cysts are discovered by a doctor or nurse during a routine exam, such as a smear test, but if you have signs of a cyst you can ask to see your GP to confirm. It can be embarrassing going to the doctor knowing that you’ll probably have to get your lady bits out, but try not to worry - it’s all very normal! The doctor may review your medical history, ask about symptoms, and potentially carry out a test for STIs, in order to gauge the best treatment. In rare cases, they may carry out a biopsy to rule out anything more serious, or a scan or ultrasound to get a clearer view of the cyst and any problems it’s causing.

What about treatment?

Vaginal Cysts can clear up on their own, however if a cyst remains for a prolonged period of time or becomes infected, they are still easily treatable through a variety of methods, including:

  • Antibiotics - used when a Vaginal Cyst is infected, or if an abscess is present
  • Sitz baths - any excuse for a bath! A Sitz bath simply means soaking in warm water several times a day for 3 to 4 days, in order to encourage an infected cyst to burst and drain on its own
  • Surgical drainage - for infected or large cysts that pose a problem, surgery using local anaesthetic or sedation may be required
  • Marsupialization - a fun word, and an effective treatment for recurring or troublesome cysts that have been drained. This involves a doctor placing stitches around the site to keep it open, while a rubber tube allows the drainage to continue for longer
  • Gland removal - a rare treatment for some cases of Bartholin’s Cysts

Have you ever experienced a Vaginal Cyst? We’d love to know what treatment worked for you, and what self-care methods you used to relieve any discomfort. Let us know over on Instagram @itsyoppie.